Foresters' Forest

0075-04-01 00:00:00

Mining scowles formed

As a result of the rapid expansion of the iron industry, huge surface workings begin to scar the landscape, which are to this day called 'Scowles'. An increasing number of trees are coppiced to make the necessary charcoal to heat the ore to the temperature required for extracting the iron. Source: Belcher

0075-04-01 00:00:00

Romans and the Forest

The Romans colonise the area. Source: Belcher

0075-04-01 00:00:00

The expansion of the Iron age

The Romans rapidly expand the iron industry, again using the 'Bloomery' process. Source: Belcher

0450-04-01 00:00:00

The Romans leave the Forest

The Romans withdraw their legions from Britain, leaving the indigenous Romano-British people to face invasion from Northern Europe by the Jutes, Angles and Saxons. Source: Belcher

0500 BC-04-01 00:00:00

People move to the Forest

Celtic (Dubonni/Silures) colonists arrive from the European mainland. Source: Belcher

0500 BC-04-01 00:00:00

The Iron age starts

The Iron age arrives in the Forest and Celtic colonists start to make iron utensils and weaponry, using the 'Bloomery' charcoal process. Source: Belcher

0500-04-01 00:00:00

Forest mining starts

Celtic colonists exploit the rich veins of iron ore emerging on the 'crease limestone' outcrops on the edges of the Forest of Dean basin. Source: Belcher

0500-04-01 00:00:00

Angles and Saxons arrive in the Forest

The Angles and Saxons colonise the Forest. Source: Belcher

0500-04-01 00:00:00

The forest of Dean becomes royal

The Forest of Dean eventually becomes a Royal Forest under the 'English' kings. The word 'Denu' (Dean) comes into use, meaning a 'valley with a stream'. Source: Belcher

0785-04-01 00:00:00

Offa's Dyke built

Offa, King of Mercia, builds his huge dyke of over 120 miles in length, beginning at the confluence of the Rivers Severn and Wye, along the Forest edge and then north as far as North Wales. Source: Belcher

Foresters' Forest

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